All the training process is based on mutual interaction between areas of physical preparation, technique, tactics and psychology. In football we differentiate 4 game phases such as attack, defence, transition from attack to defence and transition from defence to attack. Their proper defining allows us to use optimal means of training used to increase players’ skills:


  • Possessing of the ball as a main element of the game in attack phase. Do not loose it at all cost.
  • Keeping the ball must pressure the opponent to defend himself.
  • Not speeding up when finishing the action while attacking. Consider other options assuring keeping the possession of the ball.


  • Will to rapid and constant possession of the ball. Recover the ball to the nearest zone where it was lost.
  • Conditioning of the counterattack. Prioritizing the zones.  
  • A unit not to be passed. Protection of some places and/or situations.

Attack-defence transition:

  • Rapid will to possess the ball. Conditioning of the counterattack. Obstructing the opponent in fast transitions from defence to attack through change of position. Recovering the ball in the near zones in relation to the zone in which a lost has been made.
  • Players behind the ball: control of the opponents and protection of free areas behind their backs.
  • Players in front of the ball:  return to defence.

Defence-attack transition:

  • Players have to be conscious of rapid performance of actions so as to use the advantage they have over the opponent.
  • Player in possession of the ball: steady pass ensuring continuity/certain progressive dribbling as well as fast play of action (pass) or its finalization (goal).
  • Players in front of the ball: ensuring the play of action on the width and length of the pitch by the players most engaged in the course of action; ensuring continuity by the nearest players.
  • Players behind the ball: preparation for an eventual loss of the ball, support in order to ensure  continuity.